集中双元音音标

时间:2019-04-20 06:25:23 来源:互联网 作者: 神秘的大神 字体:

双元音是两个元音的组合,发音的音长与长元音的长度相近。我们发双元音的时候,舌头从一个发音位置滑动至另一个发音位置。英语音标中共有8个双元音,被分为两种:集中双元音3个和合口双元音5个。集中双元音是以中元音[ə](即舌中部发音)结尾的双元音,所以叫做集中双元音。


集中双元音(1) /ɪə/

发音要点

舌位由元音/ɪ/向元音/ə/滑动,不到/ə/音即告发音结束,舌位由高到低,牙床由半闭到半开,唇形由扁平到略大,成自然状态。


音标体验


发/ɪə/音的字母和字母组合ear,eer

ear: ear hear tear

eer: deer beer


根据发音规则,圈出每组中发/ɪə/的1个单词。

1. bear beer fair tail

2. noodles pair near come

3. horse hear tower air

4. ring king tear three


对话演练(Dialogues)

A:Hello,My dear,can you hear me?

B:I do,but not clearly.

A:Bring back some beer and a toy deer for Jill.

B:Ok,some pears and a Teddy bear.

A:Oh,dear.


Speak out

1)New Year's Day is near.

2)We're near the end of the year.

3)They cheered the hero when he appeared.

4)She's sincere,serious and a bit mysterious.

5)Is there a post office near here?

6)I want to be quite clear on this problem.

7)Things are clear and you don't have to fear.


集中双元音(2) /eə/

发音要点

先发前元音/e/,舌前部抬高,介于元音/e/和/æ/之间,倾向于/æ/的舌位,由/e/向/ə/滑动,不到/ə/音,发音即告结束;舌位由低到高,牙床由大于半开到略小于半开;唇形扁平到自然。


音标体验


发/eə/这个音的字母和字母组合air ear are


air: air hair chair pair

ear: pear bear wear

are: hare share


根据发音规则,圈出每组中发/eə/的1个音词

1.bear idea pineapple tail

2.noodles pair climb come

3.horse house tower air

4.ring king hare three


对话演练(Dialogues)

A:Let's go there,Cary.

B:No,I don't want to go there.

A:Why not,Cary?

B:I'm afraid of the bears on the stairs.

A:Well. They're all plastic bears full of air.


Speak out

1)Where there's will,there's a way.

2)I swear I'll never tell anyone.

3)She was not aware how deeply he loved her.

4)Why did you buy another pair of shoes?


集中双元音(2) /ʊə/

发音要点

/ʊə/的发音是由/ʊ/向/ə/滑动,不到/ə/音,发音即告结束;舌位由高到低,牙床由小到大,由半合到接近半开;唇形自然由圆形到扁平。


音标体验


发/ʊə/这个音的字母和字母组合oor,our,ure


oor: poor moor

our: tour tourist

ure: sure pure


根据发音规则,圈出每组中发/ʊə/的1个单词。

1. clear tourist pineapple tail

2. noodles pair climb fury

3. beard sure tower air

4. voice king pure engineer


对话演练(Dialogues)

A:Is this jewel from your boyfriend?

B:Sure. He wants me to marry him.


Speak out

1)He's from a very poor family.

2)We were unsure about who was to blame.

3)I'm sure that's pure gold.

4)The tourist was curious to know the story behind the mural.