开合双元音音标

时间:2019-04-20 06:23:58 来源:互联网 作者: 神秘的大神 字体:

开合双元音(也有人叫做合口双元音)有/eɪ/ /aɪ/ /ɔɪ/ /aʊ/ /əʊ/发音时舌位从第一个元音(前元音/e/、中元音/ə/、后元音/a/、/ɔ/分别滑向第二个元音/ɪ/ /ʊ/)。因为这五个双元音的第二元音/ɪ/、/ʊ/是合口元音,因此我们把这五个双元音叫做合口双元音。其发单特点是口型由开口滑到合口。开口,合口的意思简单的说就是嘴巴张开,收拢的意思。


开合双元音(1) /eɪ/

发音要点:


发双元音/eɪ/时,口型由/e/向/ɪ/滑动,下巴向上合拢,舌位随之抬高。注意双元音的发音特点是前重后轻、前长后短。


音标体验:


a table               a plate

a cake                a radio


对话演练(Dialogues)


A:What abeautiful cake!

B:yes,it's Kate's birthday cake.

A:How old is she?

B:She is eighteen today.

A:Happy birthday to Kate.


发[eɪ]这个音的字母和字母组合a,ai,ay


a: cake make name game snake gate lazy

ai: rain train wait

ay: day May play taday way


根据发音规则,圈出下列单词中发音不一样的单词。


1. face wave sheep tail

2. grape plane name coat

3. time tape train snake

4.rain soap cake train


开合双元音(2) /aɪ/

发音要点:

发双元音/aɪ/时,由舌位低、口形大的前元音/a/向舌位高、口形小的/ɪ/滑动。发音时舌尖要抵住下齿。


音标体验:

a kite   a knife


对话演练(Dialogues)

A:It's not easy to make a dinner for six,including Mike.

B:Don't worry.I could give you a hand.My meat pies are terrific.

A:Ok. You could make six meat pies for us as the main dish.

B:That would be my pleasure.


发/aɪ/这个音的字母和字母组合i,y,ie,uy

i:kite bike nice tiger write knife

y:by cry fly my sky try why

ie:tie pie

uy:buy


根据发音规则,找出每组中发/aɪ/的2个单词。

1.rice good jam right

2.ship mine ice-cream mouse

3.cloud sit tie eye

4.write small tennis kite


开合双元音(3) /ɔɪ/

发音要点:发双元音/ɔɪ/时,由后、低元音/ɔ/向前、高元音/ɪ/滑动,口形由开、圆逐渐变为合、扁,尾音短促。


音标体验:

a boy;      a toy;

a gold coin;      a bottle of oil;

a boild egg;      a lot of noise;


对话演练(Dialogues)

A: I want to buy a toy for Roy.

B: For Roy? You want to buy him another toy?

A: Why not? He enjoys playing with toys。

B: He enjoys destroying toys. You'd better not to spoil the boy.


朗读下列语句,注意发好双元音/ɔɪ/

1) Come and enjoy the toys.

2) Let us join hands in friendship.

3) It's a joy to watch the boy playing with his toy.


发/ɔɪ/这个音的字母和字母组合oi,oy

oi: oil boil coin

oy: boy toy


根据发音规则,长出每组中发/ɔɪ/ 的2个单词.

1. soil hear soy cold

2. rabbit bed boy noise 

3. walk voise boil word

4. tea enjoy toy milk


开合双元音(4) /aʊ/

发音要点: 发双元音/aʊ/时,由舌位低,口形大的前元音/a/向舌位高、口形小的后元音/ʊ/滑动,结束时双唇收圆稍向前突。


音标体验:

a cow;      a mouse;        a house;


对话演练(Dialogues)

A:Nice to meet you ,Mrs. Brown.

B:Nice to meet you ,too. Mr. Howa

A:Listen! Who's shouting?

B:That's my son singing. But he sounds like he's shouting.


朗读下列语句,注意发好双元音/aʊ/

1)Brown spends hour after hour among his flowers.

2) Get out of my house now.

3) How about going downtown,now?


发/aʊ/这个音的字母和字母组合ou,ow

ou: house mouse mouth trousers

ow: flower cow how now down


根据发音规则,选出不发/aʊ/的单词

1. mouse cloud arm clown

2. teacher trousers cow mouth

3. town dance flower house


开合双元音(5) /əʊ/

发音要点: 发双元音/əʊ/时,口型由中元音/ə/向/ʊ/滑动,双唇由扁平变为合圆形,到/ʊ/的位置就停止发音。


音素体验:

a nose            a potato

a home           a tomato         a boat


对话演练(Dialogues)

A:Joe,today you make supper for us,I've got a little headache.

B:Ok,Rose.Where're the potatoes,I can't find them.

A:They are in the bag under the table

B:Oh,here they are.But where are the tomatoes Rose?

A:The tomatoes?They're in the bowl in the cupboard.


朗读下列语句,注意发好双元音/əʊ/。

1) Don't go home alone,Joan.

2) I hope nothing is wrong.

3) I know what you know.


发/əʊ/这个音的字母和字母组合o,oa,ow

o:nose rose poen over

oa:boat coat soap goat

ow:show window snow bowl


根据发音规则,圈出每组中发/əʊ/的2个单词。

1、coat goat tree river

2、make window knife road

3、your white row coat

4、boat hen nose lamp